Learn to Thrive
Throughout history one can find numerous examples of persons having lived for extraordinarily long periods of time. Most modern researchers believe validation of such rare cases of extreme longliving folks cannot be ascertained due to inadequate written records and the phenomena of age exaggeration common to older generations seeking unearned fame or prestige. They also cite younger folks fearful to serve in the military falsely assumed greater ages to avoid conscription. This argument flys in the face of the layers upon layers of qualifiers put into place by Pitskhelauri to weed out fact from fiction. Additionally, since the numbers of longliving folks within Soviet Georgia was greater for the female gender, I cannot imagine how fear of military service would have forced so many Georgians to outright lie about their longevity.
In the study designs and qualifiers utilized by Benet, the most pristine qualified subjects were identified - the true pta-Abkhasian people. Their strict and highly evolved social practices would have never tolerated the phenomena of age exaggeration within their kinship. Plus, this culture could be legitimately qualified as a warrior class of folks. Fear of military service, especially for this clan, would seem overstated. It is with this understanding we will now provide some fascinating examples below that were cited by Pitskhelauri as well as those photo recorded. Perhaps we may catch one or two instances of a true extreme longliving person...
Contigern (San Mungo), the founder of the bishopric of Glasgow, and Ktsarten Petrark both lived to 185. The latter was so alert that up until the last few days before death, he continued to walk through the streets with his cane. His oldest son was 155 and his youngest 97.
The Englishman Thomas Parr was presented to the King in London at the age of 152 as a rare case of longevity. He died on November 15, 1635 and was buried in Westminister Abbey.
Queen Victoria sent her portrait to the aged postal clerk Robert Taylor with the inscription: "A gift from Queen Victoria to R. Taylor in honor of his great and unparalleled old age." This gift so excited the old man he died 3 months later at the age of 134.
Iranian Saied Abutalum Musavi, who lived in the little village of Bak Adan, 550 miles south of Tehran, had lived to 191 at this writing. This longliving person is the head of a tribe consisting of several hundreds of his grandsons, great-grandsons, and great-great grandsons. His fifth wife is 105.
At the end of March 1958, in the city of Bogota (Columbia), J Perriera died at the age of 169. He was born in 1789 and participated in the struggle for the independence of Columbia.
In the Syrian town of Mzaz, 163 year-old Makhmud Vardan died in 1963. He was considered to be the oldest man in Syria.
According to the agency France Press, in January 1966, in the city of Casablanca, the Moroccan Hadj Mahommed Ben Bashir died at the age of 196. He had 35 sons and daughters and 152 grandchildren.
In one of the settlements not far from the capital of the Ivory Coast lives 162-year-old Musse Wattara. This long-living person does not complain of ill health and even treks to other countries. He has 13 children and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren. His family has grown to such an extent that direct descendants of the old man can be found in many of the countries of West Africa.
During the All-Union Population Census of the USSR in 1959, the following record cases of longevity were discovered:
Aytraliyev Ismail, 160 years old (Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian region, village of Atrallar); Mertiyeva Sarguz Kerem, 156 years old (Azerbaijan SSR, Masalin region, village of Shikhlar); Chernyshev Ivan, 151 years old (Kaskh SSR, Alma-Ata).
The oldest man in Soviet Azerbaijan and in the USSR was considered to be the recently deceased peasant of the village of Barzavu, Shirali Mislimov. At the time when the Hulistan treaty was concluded with Persia in 1813, which made Azerbaijan part of Russia, he was 8 years old. At the age of 168, he was alert and even worked a little.
The number of his descendents has reached 220.
In the village of Pirassura of the Azerbaijan SSR, Makhmud Eyvazov, founder of the collective Komsomol farm, lived for 150 years. His health and mental alertness were remarkable.
At the present time in the settlement of Tikyaband in Azerbaijan, lives the oldest resident of that republic, collective farmer Medzhid Agayev, who is 139 years old. His family consists of 150 children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great-grandchildren. When he reached the age of 136, the administration of the collective farm forbade him to walk with the flock and assigned him a quieter job: herding cows.
Much attention has been centered upon the longliving persons who were found in Georgia during the All-Union Population Census of 1970:
1. RV Gogolade,132 years old (Lagodehk region, village of Shroma);
2. LG Pukhashivili,130 years old (Karel's region, village of Bani);
3. MD Mushkundiani, 129 years old (Tsager region, village of Chkhuteli);
4. LG Bigvava,130 years old (Gal region, village of Ganatleba), and others.
A resident of the village Yermain (South Ossertian autonomous province); Ye. P. Koroyev, had survived to the age of 156. Until the end of his life, he was distinguished by his mental alertness, his good memory, and his work as a field hand.
The Abkhazian, Khapara Kiut (1785-1935), lived to be 155 years old.
In the Ochamchir region, Zhats Kiut worked in the village of Kindgi until he reached the age of 144. He participated actively in developing the orchards of the collective farm. His brother Mamsyr Kiut died in 1946 at the age of 149.
Ashkanger Bzhaniya lived to the age of 148. A portrait of him as a person representing exceptional longevity was hung in the Dreden Museum.
In the village of Gentsvishi (Svanetiya) lives Daday Chopliani, age 129. He had been witness to the radical changes in the life of the Svans in the second half of the 19th century.
The recently deceased collective farmer of the village of Lykhny, A. Kh. Piliya, was 122. He was distinguished throughout his life by his tremendous working capacity.
In the village of Atara of Ochamchir region lives Selakh Butba, who is 121 years old. He is the father of a very large family. Many old men who have passed the century mark live in the Lentekh region. One resident of the village of Lausheri, Saba Babliani, has reached the age of 119, and is still mentally alert.
G Khvinchianshvili, a resident of the village of Meore-Sviri, is 116. He participated in the struggle of the Bulgarian people against the Ottoman yolk in 1878 and remembers the events of those days clearly."
The oldest known woman in modern times was Ossetian Tayabad Aniyeva, who lived to be 181 years of age.
In March of 1964, Hacer Issek Nine died atthe age of 169 years in Ankara.
A Turkish woman, Fatima Khanum died of a heart attack (very rare back then) in 1924 at the age of 164.
LV Puzhak from Moscow was still working in that city at the age of 154 years. She was born in 1803.
In Georgia, in Dagestan, Ashura Telmekova lived till the age of 148.
Khfaf Lasuri, a resident of Kvitouli village in Ochamnir in Abkhazia was still living at the time Pitskhelauri wrote his book. She was still alive at 138 years of age.
There are very important reasons why longliving women across the world lived longer than their male counterparts. One set of factors came in with civilization; that is, men tended to start smoking, drinking to excess, working at jobs that exposed them to heavy pollutants and were prone to more fatal accidents.
The second reason stems out of factors relating to how humans may regenerate themselves. There is a cross-over effect that benefit women when they are pregnant. In essence, it serves them as a kind of cellular therapy. In fact, in many primary cultures, it was routine for the woman to ingest her placenta after giving child birth (which is used today for stem cell harvesting). By doing this, recovery was quickened, strength returned faster, and post-partum bleeding ceased within a few minutes.
Two last closing comments for the women's section: When women living among the longliving did not have children, their life expectancy was much less. Additionally, women who underwent abortions of any nature, also were rare among the long-living.
Prof. Pitskhelauri wrote extensively on "premature" aging. After all his many years studying longliving folks, he defined three categories of aging groups as I previously laid out above for the pta-Hunzakuts:
1. Mature - Those who were 60-74 years old;
2. Old - Those who were 75-89 years old; and
3. Longliving- And those who were plus 90 years old.
He could thus state with authority that our bodies' blue prints contain an aging process entirely different than what modern civilization has been experiencing. In fact, he shows clearly that "natural" or "normal physiological aging" actually starts at the age of 100 and above. But what happens in modern civilization is something entirely and unnaturally different. He calls this premature aging, a true pathology! He goes on to state correctly that premature or pathological aging in modern civilization begins between the ages of 60 and 70. The introduction to Pitskhelauri's book states on pages 12-3 that:
"The concept of premature aging may be new to some industrialized nations, but this concept is closely linked to preventive medicine. This is a positive perspective because it denotes that, although aging is a natural process, it can be initiated before its time by improper health habits, insalubrious environments, and the lack of significant social roles. Viewing aging before one's time from a scientific perspective as a result of external factors, is a new direction provided by Professor Pitskhelauri and Soviet gerontologists. This concept could be a stimulus for the development of a variety of preventive measures against premature aging throughout the world...Professor Pitskhelauri presents a unique theory of aging. As a result of poor diet, poor environmental conditions, mental stress, or physical illness, the aging body becomes increasingly subject to disease. The organism may well have been able to withstand such stress in youth, but such original adaptability is gradually lost due to environmental factors that impinge on the internal order of the organism. Control of these external factors would lead to increased longevity, even without the scientific intervention.This theory does not discount the possibility that the aging of the organism's new adaptive mechanisms may come into play that allow older persons to adapt anew to the multiple changes in the environment..."
Pitskhelauri quotes a germane poem by Arnold of Villanova (1235-1311) in his poem Regimen Sanitatis Salernitanum, that perhaps best describes the mental fortitude common to the long-lived:
If you wish health to return,
And not to know disease,
Drive away the weight of care,
And consider anger to be unworthy,
Eat modestly, eschewing wine,
Do not consider valueless
Wakefulness after dining,
Scorning the afternoon nap,
Do not retain your urine long,
Nor strain at the stool;
If you will follow this - you will live long in the world.
If there are too few physicians, let your physician be
Three: Cheerful nature, tranquility, and moderate diet.
- True, highly isolated primary peoples as documented by McCarrison, Price, Benet, and Pitskhelauri - all faced the grave risk due to the encroachment of civilization. Would they, or would they not be able to pass along to their future generations the same birth right they had enjoyed of long life and essentially disease-free? Almost as soon as pta-peoples were discovered, they became an endangered species. This due to being constantly subjected to infiltration and pressures from civilization that could compromise the local OPS, the pta-people's traditional practices, or both.
As time went on (post-1932), the encroachment of civilization took its toll, and these pta-peoples' birth right of an exuberant constitution largely became a thing of the past. Today, only in the still isolated or otherwise protected Blue Zones does a semblance of the human races' true potential to live long essentially disease-free remain.
Fortunately, by carefully identifying the practices of the past pta-peoples to the current meticulous studies documenting OPS, we must now additionally include or clarify within the MPL Crtieria other universal common denominators repeatedly identified, such as:
1. Fasting and fasting coupled to:
- spiritual practices of honoring Divine Providence were common to the longliving, and
- consuming abundant unique spring waters reputed to possess modulated surface tension & enhanced surface energies.
2. Extreme fitness and endurance cultivating practices, imbuing rich daily exposures to oxygen were common to the
3. Extremely mineral rich soils associated with water displaying modulated surface tension and augmented surface
energies or radiations.
4. Strict adherence to time-honored methods of - food gathering, preparation and thorough food chewing was a commone practice, as was systematic caloric restriction:
Slow, thorough food chewing (Fletcherizing) was recorded in many of the long-lived;
Many cultures filled their plates up only 80% full in order to never overeat;
Special food preparation techniques. For example, cooking methods favored the briefest, safest time tables possible);
Also cooked foods were often then fermented in special ways to - in effect - restore their colloidal nature.
5. High content of raw food factors (cRFsTM) were always the most prized feature in their respective dietaries.
In summary, gerontology concerned with studying the longliving needs to be inter-disciplinary and highly focused on three key reference points. Such studies need to constantly bear in mind the:
(I) MPL Criteria,
(II) Correctly identify pta-peoples verses non-pta-peoples and
(III) Understand Optimal Primary States, especially as it relates to the culture's entire food chain.